Performance Profiling in Python with cProfile

Posted by Alexander Todorov on Wed 05 November 2014

This is a quick reference on profiling Python applications with cProfile:

$ python -m cProfile -s time application.py

The output is sorted by execution time -s time

     9072842 function calls (8882140 primitive calls) in 9.830 CPU seconds

   Ordered by: internal time

   ncalls  tottime  percall  cumtime  percall filename:lineno(function)
    61868    0.575    0.000    0.861    0.000 abstract.py:28(__init__)
    41250    0.527    0.000    0.660    0.000 uuid.py:101(__init__)
    61863    0.405    0.000    1.054    0.000 abstract.py:40(as_dict)
    41243    0.343    0.000    1.131    0.000 __init__.py:143(uuid4)
   577388    0.338    0.000    0.649    0.000 abstract.py:46(<genexpr>)
    20622    0.289    0.000    8.824    0.000 base.py:331(send_task)
    61907    0.232    0.000    0.477    0.000 datastructures.py:467(__getitem__)
    20622    0.225    0.000    9.298    0.000 task.py:455(apply_async)
    61863    0.218    0.000    2.502    0.000 abstract.py:52(__copy__)
    20621    0.208    0.000    4.766    0.000 amqp.py:208(publish_task)
   462640    0.193    0.000    0.247    0.000 {isinstance}
   515525    0.162    0.000    0.193    0.000 abstract.py:41(f)
    41246    0.153    0.000    0.633    0.000 entity.py:143(__init__)

In the example above (actual application) first line is kombu's abstract.py: class Object(object).__init__() and the second one is Python's uuid.py: class UUID().__init__().

tags: Python, QA

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